26-29 April 2010, Montpellier, France
Scientific and Technical Information and Rural Development
Information scientifique et technique et développement rural
Highlights of Innovative Practices / Eclairages sur des pratiques innovantes
|iaald2010 web site
Repositories / Bases de données
Chair and rapporteur : Imma SUBIRATS (FAO)
AGRIS - From a bibliographical database to a Web data service on agricultural research information
1FAO of the UN, Italy; 2OKKAM Project, University of Trento, Italy;
This paper aims to describe the evolving role of the AGRIS bibliographic database that becomes a hub of agricultural research literature. The huge archive of 3 millions agricultural information resources, collected by more than 150 institutions over the last 35 years, becomes the starting point to access the diverse knowledge in agricultural science and technology available globally on the Web
AGRIS has for many years provided a huge collection of bibliographic references, such as research papers, studies and thesis, each including metadata such as conferences, researchers, publishers, institutions, and keywords from different thesauri as AGROVOC.
With the rise of full text search and online availability of more research material, the role for bibliographic metadata can appear redundant. When considered instead as a form of modeling that emphasizes relationships, connections and links, bibliographic metadata grows in value as the Web grows in connectivity, and can provide researchers with a map of the global research community, linking formal outputs (papers, data) with a wider grey literature (preprints, drafts) and with communication platforms (blogs, forums) that help researchers put formal findings into a wider context.
Through exploring the evolving role of databases such as AGRIS, it has become clear that the connectivity patterns amongst the things described in the database (researchers, topics, institutes, places) can be better reflected online through a more explicit representation both in Web metadata and in user-facing Web sites. The distributed nature of the world described by AGRIS naturally fits a "linked data" deployment model, in which AGRIS becomes more than a document discovery portal - it becomes an entry point and map of the entire research landscape around some topic or theme.
Trends of the Institutional Repositories on Agricultural Universities in Japan
1Dept. of Library, Archival and Information Studies, Tsurumi University, Japan; 2Scientific Information Program, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Japan;
The development of institutional repositories allows universities to apply systematic leverage to accelerate changes taking place in scholarship and scholarly communication. The present status of institutional repositories on agricultural universities was surveyed. There are over seventies of agricultural universities which include the broad area related agriculture such as the faculty and graduate school of Agriculture, Veterinary Medicine, Life Science, Fisheries Sciences, Agricultural Resource Sciences, Horticulture, Marine Science and Technology, Textile Science and Technology, Environmental Studies and so on in Japan. The experimental project of institutional repositories was started on 2004 in Japan. Over one hundred universities now joined to the National Institute of Informatics Institutional Repositories Program in 2009. The contents of institutional repositories are consisted of journal articles, dissertations, bulletins, meeting articles, documents for the meeting, books, technical reports, magazine articles, preprints, teaching materials, data/databases, software and others. The number and types of contents on institutional repositories in each agricultural university were different and varied. It is supposed the contents on institutional repositories in each agricultural university should add to the number of them and expand on the coverage in the future. The number of teaching notes and materials on institutional repositories is very few. The coverage should expand to teaching notes and materials for the classrooms on institutional repositories in the future. It is discussed the future directions of institutional repositories on agricultural universities in Japan.
DataStarR: A Data Sharing and Publication Infrastructure to Support Research
Cornell University, United States of America;
DataStaR, a Data Staging Repository (http://datastar.mannlib.cornell.edu/) in development at Cornell University’s Albert R. Mann Library, is intended to support collaboration and data sharing among researchers during the research process, and to promote publishing or archiving data and high-quality metadata to discipline-specific data centers and/or institutional repositories. Researchers may store and share data with selected colleagues, select a repository for data publication, create high quality metadata in the formats required by external repositories and Cornell’s institutional repository, and obtain help from data librarians with any of these tasks. In anticipation of more widespread adoption of Semantic Web technologies, DataStaR stores metadata using the Resource Description Framework (RDF) and Web Ontology Language (OWL), but produces schema-compliant XML metadata files as necessary for deposit in repositories. We describe the overall design of the system, our work to date with Cornell researchers and their data sets, and possibilities for extending DataStaR for use in international agriculture research.
Agropolis International publication - ISBN 978-2-909613-03-1
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