26-29 April 2010, Montpellier, France
Scientific and Technical Information and Rural Development
Information scientifique et technique et développement rural
Highlights of Innovative Practices / Eclairages sur des pratiques innovantes
|iaald2010 web site
Francophone Workshop / Atelier francophone
Chair and rapporteur : LE HENAFF Diane (INRA, France)
Madagascar’s SIST (Système d’Information Scientifique et Technique) national web portal (http://sist.recherches.gov.mg)
Bibliothèque universitaire d'Antananarivo, Madagascar;
The Madagascar’s SIST (Système d’Information Scientifique et Technique) national web portal was established in 2005. This portal allows searching of multidisciplinary scientific and technical documents concerning the country and the south-west Indian Ocean sub-region, through the various catalogs hosted and web sites indexed national and international, as well as access to full text of most of these documents such as theses and dissertations issued from the six public universities and national research centers in Madagascar. It also offers Malagasy researchers the opportunity to be known internationally by making available a tool to publish their research work in national scientific journals online portal, and through directory Teacher researchers in Madagascar, updated regularly on the site. Managed by a national operator, the University Library of Antananarivo, the platform of Madagascar’s SIST facilitates the development of research, production and dissemination of scientific and technical informations that are crucial for the sub-region and the country's sustainable development.
Information needs in agronomical research in Algeria: design of a progressive response through a North-South partnership
1ENSA, Algerie; 2CIRAD, France;
Ongoing innovation-oriented training and research activities have led to a wider range of user needs for information systems. The development of information and communication technologies has enabled increasingly sophisticated responses to needs for the building, management and dissemination of knowledge. In this changing context, Algerian research and higher education institutions have designed and developed an agricultural information system in the framework of sustainable Algerian-French cooperation projects. The originality of the study is its gradual needs-oriented and capacity building-based approach. We describe the methods used to create a network of training and agronomic research institutions to respond to these complex needs for information. Algerian scientific research -which involves many universities- can no longer be limited to providing access to scientific information, but must also include sharing resources and disseminating research results that promote innovation and development. The Digital Agronomy Library project aims to meet these needs while at the same time enhancing open access to scientific knowledge. In the framework of the 2008-2010 plan, the project is currently designing an Observatory of Algerian agricultural research which will result in a shared digital platform dedicated to promoting and disseminating scientific resources for agricultural and rural development in Algeria.
De la numérisation à la diffusion en ligne de thèses et mémoires africains : l’expérience réussie d’une gestion de projet de bibliothèque numérique par le CAMES
Conseil Africain et Malgache pour l'Enseignement Supérieur, Burkina Faso;
Within the framework of the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs SIST (scientific and technical information systems) project, whose aim is disseminating and promoting African research, CAMES, the African and Malagasy Council for Higher Education, has successfully completed a project for the digitization and dissemination of theses and dissertations. The 2008/2009 project was launched during an African regional training workshop organized by CIRAD with support of CTA, FAO and IRD for the digitization, creation, management and dissemination of a collection of electronic documents. Based on the action plan designed during the workshop, the specially created CAMES project team coordinated and implemented all activities concerned with collecting, scanning, processing and managing electronic documents, and making the digital library available via the CAMES website.
The implementation of the project was supported and facilitated by technical workshops on digitization and digital library management organized in the framework of the SIST project. An awareness raising campaign targeting the academic community and scientific bodies of CAMES was organized to promote African research results and resulted in electronic submission and online dissemination of theses. The CAMES digital library was launched in 2009 during a session of the Inter Consultative Committee. A DVD version of the digital library was presented to all rectors, presidents, chancellors and directors of national research centers of the 17 member countries of CAMES. The sustainability of the CAMES digital library will be ensured with the implementation of the CAMES Center for Information and Documentation.
Les Méthodes de diffusion de l’information au sein du SNRA Congo
Centre National de Documentation et d'Information Scientifique et Technique, Congo
Le système national de la recherche agricole au Congo regroupe plusieurs institutions publiques et privées. L’existence d’une masse importante d’information est indéniable, mais son éparpillement et son manque de traitement rendent difficile son accessibilité.
Les besoins en informations agricoles des acteurs du développement et des producteurs agricoles sont immenses. Leur satisfaction reste un défi permanent pour le système national d’information agricole qui compte près de 16 structures de documentation et plusieurs utilisateurs, car l’information agricole n’est pas financée au Congo.
Afin de répondre aux demandes multiformes d’un public plurisectoriel, une méthode de diffusion sélective avait été mise en place avec le soutien du CTA : le SQR.
L’approche SQR, financée par le CTA, dans le cadre du SICHC avait démarré en 2005, par une enquête au niveau national pour identifier le type d’utilisateurs et le type de besoins en informations exprimés.
Les résultats de l’enquête, obtenus sur la base d’un questionnaire ont permis d’élaborer un répertoire des institutions, des chercheurs et des producteurs agricoles.
Les domaines de recherche et les besoins en informations avaient été identifiés.
Adequacy Offers and Demand for Agricultural Information for the Rural Development : case of Madagascar
Centre d’Information et de Documentation Scientifique et Technique (CIDST) (Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique), Madagascar;
Madagascar a country of the paradox. With a rural development which occupies 78% of its population, which ensures 26% of its GDP, with immense agricultural potentialities, the rural world does not manage to take off and lives in a situation of chronic poverty. The elaborate plans and successive ambitious programs national since independence as regards rural development, the policies relating to the establishment of an industry of High-Tech technologies in the country, did not give the planned results. The reasons are multiple and multidimensional, but the investigation carrying into the requirements in agricultural information in Madagascar carried out in 2008 within the framework for a process of redefinition of strategies of collaboration of the CTA with the active ACP organizations in agriculture, as regards support under development services and products of agricultural information and rural, has revealed the weakness of the access to information like major factor of blocking to accelerate the durable development of the country and especially the rural world. The investigation which is the subject principal of this communication, also has posed the fundamental problems of the adequacy of the offer in means, products and services relating to agricultural information and rural development compared to the needs and waitings for the actors direct and indirect who work in the rural development. Thus, to know the needs is certainly essential, but the offer now available is it able to satisfy, in a targeted way, the demand? Are the capacities institutional, organizational, human, material, technical and technological of the country they measure some to answer the new requirements of the actors of the rural development? ...
The scientific and technical information (STI) network in Burkina Faso
UPB, Université polytechnique de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso;
Scientific and Technical Information (STI), refers to the information produced by the research, education and industry sectors. It plays an important role in economic and social development, hence the dramatic increase in the number of documents published in recent years. This rapid growth reflects advancements in science and technological innovation, as well as the increasing number of scholars and researchers producing knowledge and information. The challenge is to make this mass of information accessible to the public. A 2006 report on the identification of national information resources to integrate to the Scientific and Technical Information System (STIS) in Burkina Faso, noted the lack of access to national and international scientific information, the absence of a policy to equip resource centers with Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and a shortage of people with computer skills. It also noted that some scientists are reluctant to release the results of their research. Moreover, even though information is available and a number of databases exist, these are scattered and poorly disseminated. To meet the growing demand in specialized information in the absence of a collaborative framework, it is necessary to pool information resources and develop a strategy for collaboration between STI providers. As a result, national networks such as the Scientific and Technical Information Network (REBIST) and the Information and Documentation Network on the Environment (RIDEB) were created. Moreover, the International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP), through its programme "PERI", supports the research sector by building capacities, strengthening the production and dissemination of information and knowledge, and facilitating access to it.
Agropolis International publication - ISBN 978-2-909613-03-1